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Mostrando entradas de septiembre, 2020

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 24

Past habits: wouldConstructions with would as a reference to past habits and presentation of the contrast with used to only for stative verbs.
Now that you know about used to, let’s try and express those ideas but using would. Is it possible to use would with every verb?Explanation: We can also use would to talk about habits in the past. It is a bit formal and used in narrations. It doesn't work with stative verbs. Use to works with all the verbs.Examples
Everytime I went out with my family, we would go to this little restaurant downtown that we loved.I remember, after school, me and my friend would always play soccer for 2 or 3 hours.
[This is the final class of the course.]

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 23

Past habits: used toConstructions with the verb used to emphasize recurring actions in the past that no longer occur in the present.
We use “used to” to talk about those activities we did frequently in the past but not anymore. Can you name a few?Explanation: we use used to for expressing activities that we did frequently in the past but not anymore.Examples
Back in High School, I used to play soccer all day long.There were many popular series in my childhood, I used to watch cartoons every saturday morning

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 22

Past modals: would haveIntroductions constructions with would + present perfect forms to express changes in past actions forme one’s own perspective.You can talk talk about regrets or advices in the past from your perspective. Using would, Tell us what would you have done in the situation provided.Explanation: You can express the wish for something different in the past. Also, you can express results for hypothetical situations in the past.Wish for Something Different in the Past
Structure: Subject + Would + Have + Past Participle
I would have come earlier, but the traffic was horrible.She would have brought the book for you, but you didn't tell her.We would have practiced yesterday, but the rain was too heavy.Hypothetical Situations in the Past Structure: If + Past Perfect + Subject + Would have + Past Participle If I had known about the party, I would have invited some friends over.If she had heard you when you talked about it, she would have been very angry

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 21

Past modals: should haveIntroductions constructions with should + present perfect forms to express changes in past actions.Would you like to change something you did? Using the structure learned today name the things you regret or the things you should have done differently in your life.Explanation: You can express recommendations in the past or regrets.Structure: Subject + should + have + Past ParticipleWhen I was in high school, I should have studied harder.You shouldn't have waited so long to talk about your plans with your family.Bob should have prepared better for the exam, he failed.
Modals in PastModalsConceptExampleWould havePast unreal actionIf I had guessed the future, I would have taken some precautions against what would happen.Could havePast unreal abilityHe could have taken the flightMay havePast unreal posibilityWe may have passed the math exam, but it was in SpanishMight havePast unreal small probabilityYou might have sold the car, if you really needed the moneyShou…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 20

Phrasal verbs: constructions and possibilities part 2Presentation of the second group of phrasal verbs of this course, this time we focus on expressions and phrasal verbs associated with time adverbs and time expressions.Sometimes we focus on the general part of things so, we don’t pay attention to little details, let’s use those expressions we learned to show more specificity and detail in our compositions.Explanation: There are many different combinations of verbs and particles and new phrasal verbs are created frequently. There are some popular combinations that are often used though.Examples with Get
Get along: Me and my cousins get along just fine. We never argue.Get by: Sometimes it is very difficult to get by with just one job.Get in: The door is open, please get in!Get off: This is our stop, let's get off the bus.Get to: Let me know when you get to your home.Get up: I usually get up at 6am.Examples with Take Take away: We don't need the table here, take it away.Take off:…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 19

Phrasal verbs: constructions and possibilitiesExamples and different constructions with phrasal verbs and their use with object pronouns.
Let’s try to come up with as many ideas as possible to refer to activities and trips using the expressions we covered today.Explanation: Phrasal Verbs are verbs made up of two words, usually a verb and an adverb particle.
These expressions usually have a different meaning than the one from the main verb.Common Adverb Particles
Adv Particles are the little words that go with a normal verb. The most common adverb particles used to form phrasal verbs are: around, at, away, down, in, off, on, out, over, round, up:Eg: bring in, go around, look up, put away and take offSeparable Phrasal Verbs
One characteristics of phrasal verbs is that they can be separated. Regardless if a phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive some of them can be separated.
Can you please turn off the lights?Can you please turn the light off?Can you please turn them off?Non Separable Ph…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 18

Adjective comparisons: asFocus on construction of comparisons with as + adjective + as
Is working abroad as good as they say? Let’s compare professions or places to live by classifying and comparing their characteristics. Compare the place where you live now with a place where you used to live.Affirmative and Negative
As... As / Not as ... As
My laptop is as modern as yours. They are very similar.
Desktop computers aren'tas practical as laptop computers.Adjective comparisons: as1. This pear is as hard as that one.
2. This horse is as strong as that.
3. These trousers are as expensive as those.
4. She is not as old as she looks.
5. The town centre was not as crowded as usual.
6. I’m sorry I’m late. I got here as fast as I could.
7. I’m quite tall, but you are taller. I’m not as tall as you.
8. Rome is not as old as Athens. It was built earlier.
9. My room is bigger than yours. Your room is not as big as mine.
10. I’m not as tall as he is. He is much taller than me.
11. My car is not as fast as y…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 17

Phrasal modals: types and usePresentation of phrasal modals (expressions that behave as a modal verb but are composed of more than two words)
Think about public places and the rules they have, make a list about them, vary the expressions and the structures based on the topic.Explanation: Phrasal modals are combinations of verbs and up to two other words that together work as a modal verb.Be able to
To express ability. It can be used in any tense depending on the conjugation of the verb to be.I am able to speak three languages at conversational levels.Mary was able to swim for 40 minutes non-stop when she was younger.Have got to Have got to expresses a strong advice or suggestion, often with a negative result if it is not followed. You've got to stop sleeping so much, you won't take advantage of your time!Be allowed to It expresses permission. It is usually used in contexts where you can or can't do something according to some rules. At the library you are not allowed to yell or …

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 16

Modal verbs for obligationsFocus on modal verbs to express strong obligations and mild obligations (must, have to, ought to)
Everybody has obligations, either at home or at work. Classify your responsibilities in order of importance and tell us which ones are more relevant for you.
Explanation: Do you need to express something of high importance? An Obligation? We can use MUST and HAVE TO.
MustExplanation: For general obligations in the present.
Example: When you travel abroad you must present your passport at the airport.
Have toExplanation: Have is not a modal verb as such, but it behaves as one. You must conjugate it depending on the subject and tense.
Example: Joe has to practice more if he wants to win in the competition.
Grammar: ModalsThe modal verbs include could, should, must / have to. They are used with other verbs to express ability, obligation, possibility, and so on.Make suggestionsGive adviceExpress ObligationsYou could stop smokingYou should/ought to stop smokingYou must/have…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 15

Modal verbs for recommendationsFocus on modal verbs for recommendations or warnings (should, can, could, had better)
Talking about stressing situations such as job interviews and first day of work, what kind of recommendations do you think could be suitable?There are two modal verbs for advice: should and would.Should
For advices in the present we use should + verb.

A: I feel very sick, I think I caught a cold.
B: Too bad, you should stay at home and recoverWould
We can also use would for advices in the present but in this case you give the advice from your own perspective.A: I feel very sick, I think I caught a cold.
B: Too bad, I wouldgo to the doctor.

ShouldWouldShould is used to indicate advice, suggestions, obligation and duty.Would is used to indicate express a wish, preference, offer, or request.Past tense of shall.Past tense of will.Can indicate certainty and conviction.Can indicate uncertainty or vagueness.

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 14

Present perfect continuous: structure and usePresentation of present perfect continuous to emphasize duration of actions There are many activities a person does in a single day. Think about those projects you started a couple of weeks or even months ago and you are still working on. Mention what have you been doing lately.
Questions and Negative Have you been playing since yesterday? Where have you been hiding all this time?
She has not beenfeeling well lately. I haven't been sleeping as much as I need. Present Perfect Continuous[ Finished ] <Present Result> I've been working (that's why I'm tired).
[ Unfinished ] <How Long> I've been living in London for two years. She's been working here since 2004. Use with: since 2010, since July, for ten years, for three days.
<Temporary Situations> I've been going to the gym a lot recently. Use with: recently

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 13

Focus on present perfect for experiencesRemember those experiences that you feel happy about, those places you have visited and mention them on a written letter to a person you know.Question and Negative
Have you been to the new restaurant yet?
What have you done lately?She has not finished the test.
I haven't been here for a long time.Past PerfectAction Finished Before Another Past Action
When
we arrived, the film had started.
Use: when + past simple, June, last TuesdayHow Long To A Point In The Past
When he graduated, he had been in London for six years.
Use: when + past simple, for + time.Unreal Things In The Past
I wish I hadn't gone to bed so late!
Use: third conditionals, wish.

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 12

Regular and irregular verbsExplanation of forms and uses of regular, irregular and non personal verb forms.
Go think of as many actions as you can think of in 5 minutes, are the verbs you used regular or irregular? do you know their 3 basic forms? Past and participle?

Explanation:
Most irregular verbs in English are native.Most regular verbs are borrowed from other languages.Irregular Verbs Examples InfinitivePresentPresent ParticiplePastPast Participleto seekseekseekingsoughtsoughtto swingswingswingingswungswungto choosechoosechoosingchosechosento bringbringbringingbroughtbroughtto beginbeginbeginningbeganbegunto knowknowknowingknewknown

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 11

Past perfect: structure and useIntroduction to past perfect to emphasize completed actions in the past. How old were you when you graduated from university. Before that, had you already gotten a job? Had you already traveled abroad? Choose a point of reference in the past and tell us about the things you had already done or you hadn’t before that.
Questions and Negative Had you played the guitar before we met?
We hadn't had the chance to talk until now. I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Colombia.
Examples My dad had cut the grass.I hadn't washed the car.Had she ridden her bike?The train had left already.Sam hadn't phoned us.Had it snowed a lot?We hadn't had dinner.It had drunk some water.He had read a ghost story.Had she made her bed?

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 10

Conditional forms emphasizing type 1 (if + present simple, results with would)Presentation of the conditional forms emphasizing conditional type 1 (If + present simple, results with would)
If you go to the gym, what will happen? brainstorm about all the things you want to do and the possible outcomes, follow the examples and let us know.Structure: Conditionals of this type of often used to express conditions in present with a consequence or result in the future.

ExamplesIf I work hard, I might get a promotion.If she doesn't study for the test, she may fail it.I won't travel next month if I don't save money.If you go to gym everyday, you will get fit.
Possible forms of future for the result Will If you study, you will learn. Might - not 100% accurate. If you don't sleep well, you might feel tired. English conditionals
Zero conditional: If + Present Simple, Present Simple. Example: If you heat water at 100 degrees, it boils. Use: To talk about things that are always true, like a sc…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 09

Future simple with willFocus on future simple with will + verb
We all have plans or dreams that we would like to achieve. What are those desires and goals you have put your mind into? Tell us about them

We use Will + verb to express promises, predictions or possibilities in the future.
I will help you with your homework.She probably will find another job next month.Adverbs: probably, maybe, possibly.

Questions and Negative Will you help me move this table? She won't work out tomorrow morning.
Exception. When you take decisions on the spot Q: Can you open the window? A: Of course, I will.


Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 08

Future simple with be + going toFocus on future simple with be + going to.
Using expressions such as going to, tell us about the plans that you have for the next month. Remember these are activities that are very likely to happen.

Be Going To
We use be + going to + verb to express plans or actions that are very likely to occur in the future.
Example: I am going to visit my family next weekend, I have the plane tickets already.Questions and Negative
Are you going to work next weekend?
What is he going to do after work?She is not going to go with us to partyFuture SimpleFuture Prediction
The sun will rise at 7am.
Promises / Requests / Refusals / Offers
I'll help with your homework.
Future Conditionals
If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
Use with: the first conditional.

Plans and Intentions A: We've run out of milk. B: I know. I'm going to buy some.
Future Prediction The sky is getting darker and darker. It's going to rain.

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 07

Past continuous: ongoing actions that get interruptedIntroduction to past continuous as a form to set contexts.
Did you ever meet a famous person? did you witness something unusual? what were you doing? Tell us about it in a short paragraph.

Structure > The past continuous is formed using was/were + present participle
Example> I was watching a movie
We expect more information. There is when we use an event or something to give a close to the sentence.
Example 2 > I was watching a movie... when the lights went down.Questions and NegativeWere you studying at the library?
What were you doing there so early?I wasn't doing anything special when you arrived.

Past continuousStory Background > The birds were singing and the sun was shining. Amy sat down.
Use with: the past simple.
Overlapping Action > I was walking to the station when I met John.
Use with: when + past simple, two o'clock 7pm.
Some Past Habits > She was constantly singing.
Use with: always, forever, constantly, …

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 06

Past simple: finished actions in pastFocus on simple past for definite actions in specific moments in the past.
There are many things going on in your life, think hard about those events and activities that happened to you last week. Tell us about them being specific about when they took place.

Structure > The simple past is formed by conjugating the verbs in past. we can use regular or irregular verbs. (walk-ed, take, took).
Questions and NegativeQuestions: Did you study for the test? What did you have for breakfast?
Negative: I did not read the book.
Tips:
Some verbs are regular, some are irregulars.
When you use did the verb does not change.

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 05

Present continuous: expressing lasting actionsThink of all your endeavours and the many projects you have. Mention all the activities you are doing on a daily basis. 

Structure: The present continuous is formed using am/is/are + present participle (-ing)Question: Are you working now? What are you doing?
Negative: I am not doing anything.

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 04

Present simple for general states and descriptionsFocus on present simple for personality descriptions
List your personality traits and divide them in weaknesses and strengths. Think about someone you know, how could you describe this person?

Expressing Feelings or States.
1. I feel more energized after I take a nap.
2. She works more since she is in the new position.
3. We are lucky we could get ticket.
4. Rick and Joe study in the same university.
5. I work every day from 9 to 5.
6 Marty is a brilliant student.

Asking about feelings
How are you feeling today?You look sad/upset. Are you OK?You seem a little bit distracted. Are you alright?You seem kind of low today. What's wrong?You seem a little blue today. What's the matter?What's wrong?What's the matter?Are you OK/alright?Are you happy/angry/...?Is everything OK/alright/...?Expressing feelings I feel a little sad/happy/angry/...I am a little sad/happy/angry/...To be honest, I'm a little bit sad/happy/angry/...It's bee…

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 03

Questions in present simpleFocus on present simple for general descriptions.Taking into account the guidelines, create typical questions that could appear on an interview. 


Two Types of QuestionsWh Questions. We use interrogative pronouns
Where are you?
Where do you live?
Where does she work?Yes/No Questions. we just use the auxiliary or verb To be to begin.
Are you at home ?
Do you live in Buenos Aires?
Does she work at a bank?


More present simple wh- questions combinations

Who, What, When, Where, Why, How, How often, How much

Verbs: go, work, like, think, study, live, have, eat

Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 02

Basic concepts about grammarPresentation of basic grammar concepts that will help you understand structures and more advanced constructions.
With the information provided in today class, you will be in charge of classifying a list of words and identifying the parts of sentences.

Parts of the sentence Subject > What the sentence is about, the responsible for the action.
Object > Nouns or phrases that receive the impact of the verb.
Example
The advertising executive drove a flashy red card carefully.The = definite article
Advertising = Adjective
Executive = Noun
Drove = verb
A = Indefinite article
Flashy = Adjective
Red = Adjective
Car = Noun
Carefully = Adverb

Adverb gives us more information about the verb.