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Curso de Inglés Intermedio: Gramática Clase 10

Conditional forms emphasizing type 1 (if + present simple, results with would)

Presentation of the conditional forms emphasizing conditional type 1 (If + present simple, results with would)
If you go to the gym, what will happen? brainstorm about all the things you want to do and the possible outcomes, follow the examples and let us know.

Structure: Conditionals of this type of often used to express conditions in present with a consequence or result in the future.

Examples

  • If I work hard, I might get a promotion.
  • If she doesn't study for the test, she may fail it.
  • I won't travel next month if I don't save money.
  • If you go to gym everyday, you will get fit.
Possible forms of future for the result
Will
If you study, you will learn.
Might - not 100% accurate.
If you don't sleep well, you might feel tired.
English conditionals

Zero conditional: If + Present Simple, Present Simple.
Example: If you heat water at 100 degrees, it boils.
Use: To talk about things that are always true, like a scientific fact.

First Conditional: If + Present Simple, Simple Future.
Example: If it is sunny, we will go to the park.
Use: to talk about possibilities in the present or in the future.

Second Conditional: If + Past Simple, Present Conditional.
Example: If I Won a million dollars, I would buy a new car.
Use: Imaginary situations in the present or future.

Third Conditional: If + Past Perfect, Perfect Conditional.
Example: If the weather had been good, we would have gone water-skiing
Use: Imagine situations in the past

Mixed 1 Conditional: If + Past Perfect, Present Conditional
Example: If I had listened to your advice, I wouldn't be in the mess.
Use: Present result of a past condition.

Mixed 2 Conditional: If + Past Simple, Perfect Conditional
Example: If I were a good cook, I would have invited them to dinner.
Use: Past result of a present or continuing condition